23 Aug Hyaluronic acid: properties, benefits and usage
If there is an asset that is always mentioned in cosmetics’ world, that is hyaluronic acid. You have probably heard about it, and it may be that in most cases is related to infiltration, but this is not your only use of hyaluronic acid.
Continue reading this article and discover what hyaluronic acid is, what its properties and benefits are, and also what uses it may have. Discover here what vegetable hyaluronic acid is.
What is hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic acid is a mucopolysaccharide (carbohydrate long chain formed by the disaccharide N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + glucuronic acid). This carbohydrate is found in many of the structures of the body naturally and is responsible for protecting them. For example, hyaluronic acid is found in the synovial fluid of joints, bones, cartilage and skin. Hyaluronic acid is present in all living beings that have joints and connective tissue. Its main function is to lubricate the joints and moisturize the skin.
The skin contains the highest amount of hyaluronic acid, almost 50% of all the hyaluronic acid in our body. Hyaluronic acid is found in the subcutaneous tissue and makes the skin look young, firm and hydrated. Especially, hyaluronic acid is responsible for skin hydration because it can retain up to 1000 times its weight in water, generating reserves for the skin.
Although hyaluronic acid is produced in large quantities in the human body, with the time decreases and produces skin aging, the appearance of wrinkles and sagging. As a general rule, humans begin to reduce the production of hyaluronic acid after 35 years. Although certain genetic, hormonal, environmental and nutritional factors can affect the production of hyaluronic acid. Due to the great importance that hyaluronic acid has on the skin, it is one of the main assets used in cosmetics.
Hyaluronic acid used in cosmetics can be of animal or vegetable origin. Animal hyaluronic acid is obtained from the crests of the cocks, the skin, and fins of the shark and bovine eyes. A collection marked by the mistreating of the animal and in which there may be a danger of hormonal contamination and allergic reactions. In contrast, vegetable hyaluronic acid is used in natural and organic cosmetics and is obtained by a process of cereal biosynthesis or pine cellulose. It is a hyaluronic acid of better quality, more effective and cruelty-free.
If this has seemed interesting, wait to see the properties and benefits that hyaluronic acid can bring to your skin.
Properties of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a mucopolysaccharide found in the body and is one of the most hydrating substances in the body due to its hydrophilic properties. A long-chain carbohydrate formed by the disaccharide N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + glucuronic acid. This large chain of sugars is responsible for giving viscosity and resistance to compression. These molecules are very large and the absorption in the small intestine is very difficult when ingested.
Hyaluronic acid is a fluid found around most cells, along with elastin and collagen. All of them help to nourish and make the body hydrated and lubricated. In this way, it helps transport nutrients and eliminates waste. Hyaluronic acid is in all body cells, but its concentration varies depending on their location. They have a short life and break very quickly, with a maximum duration of three days. For this reason, it is necessary that the body is producing hyaluronic acid almost continuously.
Benefits of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid helps protect the skin by providing youth and creating a barrier against dehydration of the skin. Hyaluronic acid provides the following benefits to the human body:
Moisturizing, nourishing and anti-aging
The main function of hyaluronic acid is to hydrate. Its hydrophilic molecules can absorb up to 1000 times its own weight in water. With hyaluronic acid, skin looks younger, voluminous and hydrated. It also helps to reduce other skin ailments such as the reduction of itching or improve healing processes. This hydration is essential to purify and regenerate the body.
Hyaluronic acid, with other components such as collagen, is able to maintain the structure of the skin and nourish it, promoting cell renewal. More hyaluronic acid means more collagen, and these two elements are responsible for reducing wrinkles and fine lines. This combination is especially effective on eyes, lips, forehead, and nose.
All joints of the body are covered by the synovial membrane, which is responsible for forming a capsule at the ends of the bones. The hyaluronic acid in the joints acts as a buffer and helps to keep the joints lubricated and to transfer the nutrients to the cartilage.
Over the years, the viscosity of the synovial fluid decreases and joint problems appear. Some joint problems are a pain, stiffness, infections, arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, tendonitis, etc.
Stimulates the immune system
Hyaluronic acid stimulates the immune system and in some cases can avoid the use of antibiotics. In addition, due to its moisturizing properties, it offers greater protection of the skin against external agents and free radicals that are responsible for the oxidation of cells and premature aging.
Hyaluronic acid is found in the eyeball, in the vitreous, and is effective in protecting the endothelium of the cornea and transporting nutrients in the eye. Due to its properties, hyaluronic acid is administered during cataract operations to improve the postoperative period.
One of the properties of hyaluronic acid that is not well known is that it helps maintain dental health. Hyaluronic acid is responsible for keeping together the fibers of the fibrous connective tissue of the gums. This tissue is responsible for fixing the teeth to the jaw bone.
In short, hyaluronic acid has direct benefits on the human body that are:
- Moisturizing, nourishing and anti-aging
- Stimulates the immune system
- Eye protection
- Oral health
Uses of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid was used first in the food industry, used as a substitute for the egg. Currently, it is mainly used in medicine and cosmetics.
At the medical level hyaluronic acid is used in infiltrations in the synovial capsules, to improve joint lubrication and reduce cartilage erosion. With this procedure, joint pain caused by diseases such as osteoarthritis is reduced, as demonstrated in an article published in BioDrugs (2005). Hyaluronic acid is also used in eye operations.
On a cosmetic level, in the beginning, vegetable hyaluronic acid was used in implants to recover the volume of the face.
Afterward, the beneficial properties that hyaluronic acid when applied to the dermis were discovered, by stimulating the creation of collagen. Creams with hyaluronic acid allow optimal hydration of the skin, besides preventing the appearance of wrinkles and diminish the lines of expression. Creams with hyaluronic acid have great results in face, lips and eye contour, obtaining a younger face.
Due to the benefits that hyaluronic acid can bring to the skin, KLAU Beauty has a product that contains vegetable hyaluronic acid:
Discover all that vegetable hyaluronic acid can offer to your skin with the products of the KLAU Beauty New Zealand edition. And remember, wake up your natural beauty!